Excavations in Tarsus at the Gözlü Kule Höyük between 1934 and 1934 revealed that the first settlement in this region started with the Neolithic period and continued until the Middle Bronze age. The name of the city preceded by Taurus, which later became Tarsus in Latin, and it has come to our time. There are various myths about who established Tarsus for the first time. These are the most common ones established by the city's Assyrian Sardanapal. Yöreye It is the place where the Greeks thought that they came here in VII-VII.
After a while the region under the rule of Assyrian princes, Alexander passed the hand. After Alexander's, Tarsus fell to the point of Selekin der' with all Cilicia. I.O. 246'de the Egyptian administration, although it was taken back after a while. I.O. When Cilicia became a Roman province in 66, it became central to Tarsus. Cydunus (Tarsus Creek), which gave Tarsus a historical significance, passed through the city at that time. Cleopatra and Roman commander Marcus Antonius came to Tarsus through this river.
Tarsus is also important as the city where Saint Paul was born from the founders of Christianity. Also famous geographer Strabon I.O.I. In the 19th century Tarsus writes that philosopher and writers lived in the language of scholars. The history of Tarsus entered into an active phase shortly after the emergence of Muslims. Miladi 639 Hijri With the conquest of Muslims in 17 years, Tarsus was passed to Muslims by the Byzantines. Tarsus has changed many hands with the conquest of Muslims. Taki Hijri 761 / Miladi 1360 This has changed hands until the year. Abbasi and Umayyad periods During the period of Caliph Memun, especially in the city of Tarsus studies have gained much importance.
Tarsus, who passed through the Byzantine Empire, was tied to the Principality of Antioch in this period. In 1083, the founder of the Anatolian Seljuk State was conquered by Suleyman Kutalmış. In 1133, he was handed over to Leon by the Armenian princes. In 1137, the Byzantine emperor Yoannes Komneos took Tarsus back, but the area became Armenian sovereignty again.
Tarsus went to the rule of the Mamluks and Ramazanoğulları and Dulkadiroğlularis from time to time. Hicri 761, Miladi 1360 In July-August, with the help and encouragement of the Mamluks, Ramazanoğulları and Dulkadiroğulları principals, Aleppo (or Sham) governor Seyfeddin Bay Demir - Tarsus is taken again so that it will not be left to Armenians again in the command of Harunmi. In 1516, Yavuz Sultan Selim joined the Ottoman lands.
Although Tarsus was a sanctuary in the province of Cyprus in 1571, after a while it was taken to the province of Adana. In 1832, Egyptian Ibrahim Pasha, who defeated Ottoman forces, captured Adana and its environs. In 1839 Tarsus joined the Ottoman lands again. In 1867, the Aleppo province was in Adana. In 1877, the Adana province became an accident.
Şemsettin Sami tells about Tarsus: It is a district of Mersin Livas of Adana province (According to the records of 1900) The city, 31 mosques, 19 medresses 2 tekkes, 5 churches belonging to various religious communities (2007 has 1 church) 1 Bedesten, 10 inns, 2 baths, 24 schools, 7 mills and 6 cotton factories. It consists of 180 peasants with Tarsus, Namrun and Gülek minions. The population is 41606 (229.921 according to the 2007 General Census).
Ali Cevad tells about Tarsus: Kazan Kusdemir, Kusun, Canip city, Namrun, Ulas, Gülek and Tekeler have 7 original counties and 161 villages. The entire population of the accident is 40410. When Mersin became a sanjak of Adana in 1888, Tarsus retained its managerial position as its only accident. After the First World War, Tarsus, which had been under French occupation, became a district center. Tarsus is a holy city among Muslims.
It is a task for archaeologists and historians to compile and reveal Tarsus' knowledge of the past in a scientific way.