Today Tarsus is the commercial and industrial center of Mersin. Agriculture is an important source of income in Tarsus' economy. 202,400 hectares of land has 104,902 hectares of agricultural land, 62,786 hectares of forest and shrubbery, 4,080 hectares of meadow and pasture, and 30,632 hectares of non-agricultural land. Most of the agricultural areas are fertilized with fertilization and application of new techniques, so the yield of the soil is increased and the products are evaluated well.
Mersin province's most productive and widest agricultural land is in the plain area of Tarsus. However, the fact that the climate is suitable for agriculture ensures that all kinds of agriculture can be done in these lands. At these lands, fruit and vegetables, cherries and grapes are planted in the spring. During the winter season, other vegetables are planted than orange, mandarin and lemon. Planting crops of every grain of cereals such as cotton, sesame and soy is done in these fertile land.
Cattle breeding stations established in some villages of Tarsus produce very efficient Holstein cattle.
Tarsus is also the industrial province after Mersin. Apart from the industrial establishments evaluating the agricultural products of the district, there are agricultural equipment, machine spare parts, factories that make machine tools, sugar cookers, brick and ceramic factories which are important for the economy of the country.